Fiber optic patch panels are also called as fiber distribution panels or ODF (Optical Distribution Frame). They are engineered to make it easier to terminate fiber optic cables and provide access to the cable’s individual fibers for cross connection. In the another way, fiber optic patch panel is usually described as the interface panel that connects multiple optical fiber cables and optical equipments on wall (Wall Mount Fiber Patch Panel) or rack cabinets (Rack Mount Fiber Optic Patch Panel). Patch panels are rack-mounted onto 19”, 21”and 23” rack systems, and some are designed to be wall-mounted. its body is usually metal with powder coating paint that houses adapter panels, fiber splicing trays and space for excess fiber storage. The inside ports of the panel is usually fixed, meaning that the cables aren’t disconnected at any point. The outside ports of the panel is reserved for fiber patch cables that can be plugged and unplugged frequently to arrange the connections between devices as needed. Its basic design is mainly consists of an array of ports where each port interfaces with another patch cable which is connected with optical equipment located somewhere else in the premises. Fiber patch panel has two compartments. One contains the bulkhead receptacles or adapters, and the other is used for splice tray and excess fiber storage. See the picture below;
The adaptor panel provides an interface for both outside and inside ports to the enclosure. See the adapter types below;
The inside ports are fixed as the cables are not meant to be disconnected at any point, whereas the outside ports are for fiber patching cables that can be plugged and unplugged for connections as required. See the available ports below;
The splicing trays are neatly embedded in the enclosure to provide fusion with fiber optics pigtails which in turn plug into the fixed inside adapter ports of the adapter panel. The benefits of using a fiber patch panel Facilitates the easy termination of fiber optic cables Well-organized and easy-to-manage connections of all the input jacks/ports into a patch panel in a central location Provides an easier means to connect different devices in different orders as all of the changes can be made at the patch panel Avoids cost incurred through wear and tear on the input ports of networking equipment as all the connections are patched using the ports in the patch panels Common patch panel specifications Indoor or outdoor Rack-mountable or wall-mountable Front access only or both front and rear access Direct patching only or splice and patch Unloaded as a bare chassis, loaded with adapters only or loaded with adapters and pigtails Fixed, sliding or pivoting Intended application; single fiber, standard ribbon. A versatile and comprehensive range of fixed, sliding and pivoting patch panels are available to support a variety of applications, installations and capacities. Stackable, individually rack-mountable or wall-mountable options 1U, 2U, 3U, 4U, 6U & 9U and many more rack unit height options Patch & Splice, Splice only & Patch only options All popular connector styles supported Comprehensive range of capacities with pre-terminated cables and additional accessories available for purchase.
You can watch this video to learn HOW TO INSTALL A FIBER OPTIC PATCH PANEL